
^{17}O (1993TI07)(See Energy Level Diagrams for ^{17}O) GENERAL: See 2 [Electromagnetic Transitions in A = 1617] (in PDF or PS), 17.9 [General Table] (in PDF or PS) and 17.10 [Table of Energy Levels] (in PDF or PS). Q = 25.78 mb [see (1989RA17)]. Isotopic abundance = (0.038 ± 0.003)% (1984DE53). For Coulomb excitation of ^{17}O*(0.87) see (1982KU14).
See (1982AJ01).
See (1977AJ02).
Cross sections for populating ^{17}O*(0.87) were measured at E_{cm} = 2.38, 2.89, 3.16 MeV by (1986CU02).
See (1977AJ02).
Cross sections for populating ^{17}O*(0.87, 3.06, 3.84) were measured at E_{cm} = 2.22  3.23 MeV by (1986CU02).
Angular distributions have been studied for E(^{6}Li) = 3  28 MeV [See (1982AJ01, 1986AJ04)]. More recently, differential cross sections at E(^{6}Li) = 28 MeV were measured by (1986SM10). Many of the known levels in ^{17}O were populated. See 17.11 (in PDF or PS). HauserFeshbach calculations and DWBA analyses were carried out for the data.
See 17.6 (in PDF or PS) in (1977AJ02) and ^{19}F in (1983AJ01).
Angular distributions have been reported at E(^{9}Be) = 16.1  20 MeV [see (1982AJ01)] and at E(^{9}Be) = 12.0  27.0 MeV (1981JA09; α_{0}, α_{2}). For excitation functions see (1982AJ01, 1986AJ04), and see (1988GO1G).
Excitation functions at E_{cm} = 13.4  16.8 MeV and angular distributions at E_{cm} = 13.8 and 16.38 MeV have been measured by (1988JA14).
At E_{α} = 3.65 and 6.17 MeV [^{17}O*(9.15, 11.08)] Γ_{α}Γ_{γ1}/Γ = 0.65 ± 0.07 and 1.46 ± 0.13 eV, respectively. Assuming Γ_{α}/Γ = 0.45 for the lower resonance, Γ_{γ1} for the E1 transition from ^{17}O*(9.15) [J^{π} = 1/2^{}] to ^{17}O*(0.87) [1/2^{+}] is 1.44 ± 0.26 eV. The parameters of ^{17}O*(11.08) are discussed in 17.16 (in PDF or PS). See (1986AJ04).
The yield of neutrons increases monotonically for E_{α} = 0.475 to 1 MeV: for S(E) see (1977AJ02, 1982AJ01). Resonances observed in the yield of neutrons and through the anomalies in the elastic scattering are displayed in 17.12 (in PDF or PS). See also (1986AJ04). Cross sections for reaction (a) at E_{α} = 0.40  1.20 MeV were measured by (1989KEZZ). Distributions of alpha particle strength were obtained by (1988LE05). See also (1985CA41, 1987BU27). A microscopic analysis of reactions (a) and (b) with the generatorcoordinate method was carried out by (1987DE38).
Angular distributions are reported at E(^{6}Li) = 35.5 MeV to ^{17}O*(13.58 ± 0.02), which is strongly populated. Comparisons with ^{12}C(^{6}Li, d)^{16}O*(16.29) and with the results of reaction 14 below suggest that the peak corresponding to ^{17}O*(13.58) contains a state or states of spin 11/2^{}, 13/2^{}, or both, based on ^{16}O*(16.29) (1978CL08). (d, α) angular correlations [E(^{6}Li) = 26, 29 and 34 MeV] indicate the involvement of ^{17}O states at 13.6 ± 0.1 [l= 6], 14.15 ± 0.1 [5], 15.1 ± 0.1 [5], 15.95 ± 0.15 [5], 16.6 ± 0.15 [6], 17.1 ± 0.15 [6], 19.6 ± 0.15 [7], 20.2 ± 0.15 [7], 21.2 [7], and 22.1 MeV, Γ ≈ 0.1, 0.5, 0.7, and 0.25 MeV for ^{17}O*(14.2, 15.1, 16.0, 19.6, 20.2) (1978AR15). See, however, (1984CA39). For the earlier work see 17.7 (in PDF or PS) in (1977AJ02). Measurements and analysis by (1987CA30) of data at E(^{6}Li) = 34 MeV for deuteron peaks corresponding to ^{16}O*(16.1, 13.6) indicated that the reaction proceeds by a direct alpha transfer process which populates doublets of interfering ^{17}O levels.
Angular distributions are reported to ^{17}O*(3.06) and to ^{17}O*(13.58), which is preferentially populated (see discussion in reaction 13), at E(^{7}Li) = 35.7 MeV. Narrow states at E_{x} = 14.86, 18.17 and 19.24 MeV are also strongly excited (1978CL08). See (1986AJ04) and for the earlier work see 17.6 (in PDF or PS) in (1977AJ02). Recent measurements of the cross section for E_{c.m.} = 1.46  6.48 MeV are reported in (1990DA03).
Cross sections for population of ^{17}O*(0.87, 3.06, 3.84) were measured at E_{cm} = 2.76  4.82 MeV by (1986CU02).
States of ^{17}O with E_{x} = 3.9, 5.2, 5.8 ± 0.1, 7.2, 7.6, 8.4 ± 0.06, 8.9, 9.8 ± 0.07, 10.55 ± 0.06, 12.1 ± 0.06, 13.3, 14.6 and 18.9 ± 0.14 MeV have been reported (1979BR04) at E(^{13}C) = 105 MeV.
Angular distributions involving ^{17}O*(0, 0.87) have been studied for E(^{16}O) = 12  25 MeV: see (1977AJ02, 1982AJ01, 1986AJ04). See also (1989FR04). More recently, cross sections were measured for E_{c.m.} = 4.8  9.8 MeV by (1991DA05). A calculation involving application of the nuclear molecularorbital model and LandauZener coupling effects is discussed in (1990IM01).
The capture cross sections at 90° for γ_{0} and for γ_{1} have been studied for E(^{3}He) = 3.2 to 7.5 MeV and angular distributions of the γrays have been studied at the six observed resonances: see 17.13 (in PDF or PS).
See 17.13 (in PDF or PS). See also (1977AJ02), ^{13}C and ^{14}C in (1986AJ01) and ^{16}O here.
At E(^{6}Li) = 34 MeV angular distributions have been reported (1986AJ04) to ^{17}O*(0,0.87, 3.06, 3.84, 4.55, 5.70, 6.36, 7.17 (u), 7.38 (u), 7.76, 8.20, 8.47 (u), 9.18 (u), 9.71, 9.87 (u), 10.42, 11.24, 11.82, 12.01, 12.27, 13.00 (u), 13.6 (u), 14.76 (u), 15.20, 16.3 (u)) (1981CU11, 1983CU02, 1983CU04; u = unresolved). (1983CU02) suggests evidence for two 3p2h bands in ^{17}O and (1983CU04) for analog states in ^{17}N  ^{17}O. See these two papers for spectroscopic factors.
The excitation functions for γ_{0} and γ_{1} have been measured for E_{t} = 0.8 to 3.3 MeV: broad resonances are observed at 2.2 and 2.8 MeV in the γ_{0} cross section, and at 2.4 and 2.8 MeV in the γ_{1} cross section. Both also exhibit a structure at 1.5 MeV. The data are consistent with the states in 17.14 (in PDF or PS) and possibly with a state at ≈ 19.3 MeV (1980LI05). For the charged particle channels see (1977AJ02).
Angular distributions have been measured for ^{17}O states with E_{x} < 7.6 MeV in the range E_{α} = 8.1 → 33.3 MeV: see a listing of the references in (1971AJ02). The sequential decay (reaction (b)) appears to take place via ^{17}O states with 8.46 ≤ E_{x} ≤ 13.57 MeV. Those involved are believed to have J ≥ 5/2, Γ_{α}/Γ ≥ 0.6. See also the measurements at E_{α} = 48 MeV of (1987MIZY, 1988BRZY).
Angular distributions (a) and angular correlations (b) have been measured at E(^{6}Li) = 36 MeV involving ^{17}O*(8.48, 10.7, 12.0, 13.53, 14.88). Comparisons are made with the results in the analog reaction (^{6}Li, t) involving states in ^{17}F. See (1982AJ01, 1986AJ04).
See (1986NE1A).
Radiative capture cross sections (reaction (a)) have been measured for E_{x} = 25  40 MeV by (1986ANZL, 1988CO1D). Excitation functions have been measured for E_{d} = 0.5  5.9 MeV (b) and 0.3  6.3 MeV (reaction (c)): see (1977AJ02). Unresolved structures are observed in the neutron data. There is some evidence for structures at E_{d} = 1.8 MeV [p_{0}, p_{1}, p_{3}] and 2.4 MeV [p_{2}] [^{17}O*(15.6, 16.2)]: see (1982AJ01). See also (1986AJ04) and ^{16}N, ^{16}O here.
Excitation functions for have been measured for E_{d} = 1.4 to 6.25 MeV. Structures are reported at ≈ 1.4 and 1.8 MeV: see (1982AJ01, 1986AJ04).
Differential cross sections and analyzing powers for reaction (a) were measured for E_{d} = 88, 89 MeV by (1988SA19, 1988SAZY). Yield curves for reaction (b) have been measured for E_{d} = 0.8 to 2.7 MeV. Structures are reported at E_{d} = 1.06, 1.25 and ≈ 1.8 MeV. The latter has Γ ≈ 300 keV: see (1982AJ01).
Observed proton groups are displayed in 17.15 (in PDF or PS). For the parameters of the first T = 3/2 state see 17.16 (in PDF or PS).
At E_{α} = 45.4 MeV, the deuteron spectrum is dominated by the groups corresponding to states with E_{x} = 7.742 ± 0.020 and 9.137 ± 0.030 MeV. These states are assigned J^{π} = (11/2^{}) and (9/2^{}) and arise from a dominant (d_{5/2})^{2}_{5}p^{1}_{1/2} configuration: see (1977AJ02).
See (1982AJ01).
The capture cross section for thermal neutrons is σ_{capt.} = 202 ± 28 μb (1977MC05). See also (1981MUZQ). At thermal energies the branchings via ^{17}O*(0.87, 3.05) are (18 ± 3) and (82 ± 3)%; E_{γ} = 870.89 ± 0.22 and 2184.47 ± 0.12 keV [the latter leads to E_{x} = 3055.43 ± 0.19 keV for ^{17}O*(3.09); [see (1986AJ04)]. The cross section for twophoton emission σ_{2γ} < 3 ± 19 μb for 1200 < E_{γ} < 2943 keV. The twophoton branching ratio is (1.6 ± 10) × 10^{2} (1977MC05). The mechanism of pwave neutron resonance capture was studied by measurements of gamma spectra from the E_{n} = 434 keV resonance (E_{x} = 4552 keV) by (1988KI02, 1992IG01). Partial radiative widths and offresonance capture cross sections were obtained. See footnote ^{b}) in 17.17 (in PDF or PS) and see 2 (in PDF or PS) in the Introduction of this compilation.
The scattering length (bound) a = 5.805 ± 0.005 fm, σ_{free} = 3.761 ± 0.007 b (1979KO26). See also (1981MUZQ). Resonances observed in the elastic scattering and in the (n, α) reaction are displayed in 17.17 (in PDF or PS). A twochannel Rmatrix analysis finds that five states contain nearly 100% of the 1d_{3/2} strength and have their eigenenergy at E_{x} ≈ 5.7 MeV [the dominant state is ^{17}O*(5.08)]. Spectroscopic factors are deduced for 26 states in ^{17}O for 4.5 < E_{x} < 9.5 MeV [see 17.12 (in PDF or PS) in (1977AJ02)]: the sum of these factors is 1% for J^{π} = 1/2^{+} , 5% for 1/2^{}, 12% for 3/2^{}, 99% for 3/2^{+}, 0.1% for 5/2^{+}, 1% for 5/2^{} and 14% for 7/2^{}. T = 3/2 resonances are discussed by (1981HI01): see 17.16 (in PDF or PS) and 17.17 (in PDF or PS). See also the review of neutron resonance spectroscopy by (1986WE1B). Crosssection measurements are listed in 17.10 (in PDF or PS) of (1971AJ02) and in (1977AJ02, 1982AJ01). An optical model analysis of angular distributions leads to predictions of σ_{R} and σ_{T} for E_{n} = 6 to 19 MeV (1983DA22). Analyzing power measurements for n_{0} have been carried out at E_{n} = 5  23 MeV (1986AJ04). More recently scattering cross sections have been reported for E_{n} = 14.1 MeV (1986BAYL) and E_{n} = 21.6 MeV (1990OL01). Optical model parameters were deduced. Small angle scattering cross sections at E_{n} = 14.8 MeV are reported by (1992QI02). Neutron total cross section measurements from 160 to 575 MeV are reported by (1988FR23) from an experiment which included a test of charge symmetry. An experimental study of pwave strength functions is described in (1988KO18). A cascade statisticalmodel study of nucleon induced reactions in the range 50 MeV  1 GeV is reported in (1990TA21). A resonating group study of the ^{16}O + single nucleon problem is discussed in (1990HA38). See also the analyses reported in (1992KA21) and (1992KA41). Neutron elasticscattering observables were calculated on the basis of the relativistic impulse approximation by (1991KA22).
A number of resonances have been observed in the cross sections for production of 6.13 and (6.92 + 7.12) MeV γrays: see 17.13 (in PDF or PS) in (1977AJ02) and (1982AJ01). For crosssection measurements see 17.10 (in PDF or PS) in (1971AJ01) and (1977AJ02, 1982AJ01). Studies of circular polarization of gamma rays from inelastic scattering of partially polarized neutrons from a nuclear reactor are reported by (1988LI34). See also the measurements at E_{n} = 21.6 MeV and DWBA coupled channels analysis reported in (1990OL01).
See (1982AJ01). See also (1981HAZJ, 1982HA1A). Differential cross sections for neutroninduced reactions (a, b, c, d) have been measured for incident neutron energies of 27.4, 39.7, and 60.7 MeV by (1986RO1F, 1986SU15). In a recent measurement of reaction (a) at E_{n} = 298 MeV, the GamowTeller and spin dipole strength functions were extracted (1991HI05).
17.17 (in PDF or PS) displays the results from a multilevel twochannel Rmatrix analysis of the data from this reaction and from the elastic scattering of neutrons: see (1982AJ01). See also (1981HAZJ, 1982HA1A). More recently differential cross sections were measured for incident neutron energies of 27.4, 39.7, and 60.7 MeV by (1986RO1F, 1986SU15).
Angular distributions have been measured at E_{p} = 185 and 800 MeV [to ^{17}O*(0, 0.87, 3.05)] [see (1982AJ01)], as well as at E_{p} = 154 to 185 MeV [for π^{+} to ^{17}O*(0, 0.87)]. See (1986AJ04). More recently angular distributions and analyzing powers at E_{p} = 250, 354, 489 MeV were measured to ^{17}O*(0, 5.22, 7.76, 15.78) by (1988HU02) and to ^{17}O*(0, 5.22, 7.76, 14.20, 14.60) at E_{p} = 200 MeV by (1987AZZZ, 1988AZZZ). Studies of (p, π^{+}) reactions to the Δ_{1232} region are described in (1988HU06). A relativistic stripping model is applied to the ^{16}O(p, π^{+})^{17}O reaction and discussed in (1986CO20).
Observed proton groups are displayed in 17.14 (in PDF or PS) of (1977AJ02). Angular distributions have been measured at many energies in the range E_{d} = 0.3  698 MeV [see (1982AJ01, 1986AJ04)] and at E_{d} = 12.3 MeV (1990PI05). Reported level parameters are τ_{m} = 258.6 ± 2.6 psec [see 17.7 (in PDF or PS) in (1971AJ02)] and E_{x} = 870.749 ± 0.020 keV [E_{γ} = 870.725 ± 0.020 keV] for ^{17}O*(0.87) and Γ_{n} = 97 ± 5 keV for ^{17}O*(5.09): see (1982AJ01), and see (1988GU1E). Recent measurements at E_{d} = 12.3 MeV (1990PI05) determined high precision excitation energies for the first ten levels of ^{17}O (see 17.10 (in PDF or PS)). For applications, see (1990CA32, 1992LA08). Theoretical studies of breakup and rearrangement reactions including ^{16}O(d, p)^{17}O carried out by means of a coupledchannels variational method are discussed in (1986KA1A, 1986KA1B). See also ^{18}F in (1983AJ01, 1987AJ02).
Reaction (a) has been studied at E(^{7}Li) = 36 MeV [see (1982AJ01, 1986AJ04)] and more recently at E(^{7}Li) = 34 MeV (1988KE07). For reaction (b) see (1979CU1A, 1985CU1A) and the measurements at E_{cm} = 10.3, 12.8 MeV reported by (1988JA14). See also (1988WE17). For reaction (c) see (1982AJ01).
For reaction (a) see (1982AJ01, 1986AJ04) and the cross section measurements at E_{cm} = 7.8, 14.6 MeV of (1986PA10). For reaction (b) see (1982AJ01).
The decay is principally to ^{17}O*(4.55, 5.38, 5.94): see 17.5 (in PDF or PS).
Monoenergetic photons with E_{γ} = 8.5 to 39.7 MeV have been used to measure the (γ, n) and the (γ, 2n) [above 10 MeV] cross sections. The giant dipole resonance, 6 MeV broad, is centered at 23 MeV; a pigmy resonance is also observed at 13 MeV. The pigmy resonance [J^{π} = 3/2^{}] decays primarily to ^{16}O_{g.s.}, (1986AJ04), and the work of (1985JU02) indicates that above E_{x} ≈ 17 MeV nearly all of the decay is to excited states of ^{16}O. See, however, the experimental results of (1989OR07), which determine that the neutron emission from the ^{17}O GDR to ^{16}O is primarily to the ground state with ≈ 4% going to the 6.13 MeV 3^{} level. Four resonances have been inferred at E_{x} = 10.5, 14.0, 16.6 and 21.0 MeV with J^{π} = 5/2^{}, 3/2^{}, 7/2^{}, and 7/2^{} respectively (1985JU02). Recent work of (1990MC06) reanalyzes earlier data and reports that the ^{17}O levels at E_{x} = 14.4, 15.2 and 15.6 MeV should be assigned T = 1/2. Most of the GDR strength decays to T = 1 states in ^{16}O: this implies a T = 3/2 assignment for the main part of the GDR (1986AJ04). A broad structure, of T = 1/2 nature, with 28 < E_{x} < 36 MeV is also reported (1980JU01). For radiative widths see 17.13 (in PDF or PS) in (1982AJ01). Measurements of bremsstrahlungweighted integral cross sections for reaction (c) carried out by (1989OR07) indicated that 90% of the photoproton emission to ^{16}N populates the ground state (2^{}) and the 0.298 MeV (3^{}) levels. More recently, the GDR was studied with reaction (c) using quasimonoenergetic photons from E_{γ} = 13.5 to 43.15 MeV (1992ZU01). Major peaks were observed at E_{γ} = 15.1, 18.1, 19.3, 20.3, 22.2, 23.1, 24.4 and ≈ 26.5 MeV. Comparisons of ^{17}O photonuclear data with shell model and continuum shell model calculations are discussed in (1987KI1C).
The ^{17}O charge radius is reported to be < r^{2} >_{1/2} = 2.710 ± 0.015 fm (1978KI01). The r.m.s. radius of the 1d_{5/2} neutron orbit deduced from the data is 3.56 ± 0.09 fm (1982HI01). The elastic magnetic form factor was measured for 2.47 ≤ q_{eff} ≤ 3.65 fm^{1} by (1988KA08). Inelastic scattering is reported to a number of ^{17}O states: see 17.18 (in PDF or PS) and 17.19 (in PDF or PS). Excited states in ^{16}O up to E_{x} = 15 MeV were studied in high resolution at q = 0.8  2.6 fm^{1} by (1987MA52). Recent formfactor measurements for momentum transfers q = 1.4  1.9 fm^{1} at 90° and q = 1.7 fm^{1} at 160°, for levels between E_{x} = 15 and 27 MeV, were reported by (1986MA48). See also footnote ^{e} in 17.10 (in PDF or PS). Note, however, the comments by (1987MI25) and reply by (1987MA40) concerning the spin assignments of (1986MA48). See also (1986AJ04) and reaction 50. Calculations of charge and magnetic form factors in a consistent relativistic formalism are described in (1986KI10, 1986WA1D, 1991BL14). See also (1989FU05). Excitation energies, magnetic moments and M2 magnetic ground state transitions for five T = 3/2 excited states were calculated in a microscopic 2p1h model by (1986TO13). Nuclear currents and amplitudes for elastic magnetic scattering in a relativistic meanfield theory were studied by (1987FU06, 1988FU04). A relativistic directinteractionbased impulse approximation model is discussed in (1989GA04). Model dependence of r.m.s. radii as determined from elastic magnetic form factors was studied by (1991CO12). See also (1991GO1F, 1991GO1G, 1992GO07). See also the study by (1992BO07) of ^{17}O(e, e'n)^{16}O as a tool for investigation of the role of twobody currents in quasifree electron scattering.
At E_{π±} = 164 MeV angular distributions to ^{17}O*(3.85, 4.55, 5.22, 5.69, 7.76, 8.1, 8.4, 15.7, 17.1) have been analyzed by DWBA. Evidence is suggested for E2 strength near 8 MeV and for M4 strength to the two states at E_{x} = 15.7 and 17.1 MeV (1984BL17). [See, however, caveat on p. 1990 of that reference, and the density of states above E_{x} = 5 MeV in 17.10 (in PDF or PS).]
Cross sections were measured for thermal energies to E_{n} ≈ 1 MeV by (1991KO31). This reaction plays a role in the nucleosynthesis of heavy elements in nonstandard BigBang models. See also (1991KO1P).
Angular distributions for the elastic scattering have been reported for E_{p} = 8.6 to 65.8 MeV and E_{d} = 18 MeV: see (1982AJ01). Analyzing power measurements for E_{p} = 89.7 MeV are reported in (1985VO12). For reaction (a) see also ^{18}F in (1983AJ01, 1987AJ02). A coupledchannels variationalmethod calculation has been applied to reaction (a) and is discussed in (1986KA1A).
Elastic angular distributions have been measured at E(^{3}He) = 11.0 and 17.3 MeV [see (1977AJ02)], and at 14 MeV (1982AB04). Analyzing powers were measured at E(^{3}He) = 33.3 MeV [see (1986AJ04); also A_{y} to ^{17}O*(0.87)]. For reaction (b) see (1982AJ01, 1986AJ04). More recently, differential cross sections were measured at E_{α} = 54.1 MeV (1987AB03). Microscopic spinorbit potentials for polarized ^{3}He scattering on ^{17}O have been calculated (1987CO07) by a double folding model.
Fusion cross section measurements for reaction (b) are reported by (1982CH07). See also (1982AJ01, 1986AJ04).
Elastic angular distributions (reactions (a) and (b)) have been reported at E(^{17}O) = 30.5 to 33.8 MeV [see (1982AJ01)] and at E(^{17}O) = 40 to 70 MeV (1986FR04; also ^{17}O*(0.87)) and 85.4, 120 and 140 MeV (1982HE07). See also the comparison of reaction (a) with ^{16}O + ^{13}C by (1989FR04). For fusion cross section and yield measurements see (1982AJ01, 1986AJ04). Results of a barrierpenetration calculation for these reactions is discussed in (1986HA13). The energy dependence of nucleusnucleus potentials is explored in (1987BA01). Molecular singleparticle effects are studied in an asymmetric twocenter shell model in (1987MO27). See also (1988MI25). The origin of the resonant structure in reaction (b) is treated in (1988FR15). The nuclear LandauZener effect in reaction (a) is discussed in (1988TH02, 1988THZZ). Some features in inelastic scattering angular distributions that had been attributed to the existence of nucleon promotion are explained in terms of DWBA calculations by (1987VO05). See also (1991TA11, 1991TH04).
See (1986AJ04).
Angular distributions involving ^{17}O*(0, 0.87) in reaction (a) have been studied at E(^{16}O) = 22 to 32 MeV and E(^{17}O) = 25.7 to 32.0 MeV [see (1977AJ02)] as well as at E(^{17}O) = 22 MeV [see (1986AJ04)]. A model independent value of 0.82 ± 0.07 is obtained for the coupling constant of the 1d_{5/2} neutron in ^{17}O. A review of magnetic electron scattering on ^{17}O then leads to a spectroscopic factor S= 1.03 ± 0.07. This corresponds to (91 ± 7)% of the singleparticle value [see (1982AJ01, 1986AJ04)]. For fusion cross sections see (1982AJ01) and (1986TH01). The elastic scattering angular distribution in reaction (b) has been reported at E(^{17}O) = 36 MeV: see (1982AJ01, 1986AJ04). Rotational coupling effects on nucleon molecular orbits in reaction (a) are studied in (1987IMZY, 1988IM02). See also (1987IMZZ). Subbarrier interactions are discussed in (1987PO11, 1988BE1W). Calculations of Gamow states in a realistic twocenter potential are described in (1986MI22). Twoparticle transfer is studied with a semiclassical approach in (1987MA22). Parity dependence in heavy ion collisions is discussed in (1986BA69).
See (1982AJ01, 1986AJ04). Reaction (d) has been described in a twocenter shell model (1989TH1B). See also (1989TH1D).
See ^{17}F.
Angular distributions have been measured at a number of energies for E_{p} = 17.6 to 51.9 MeV: see (1977AJ02, 1982AJ01).
See 17.20 (in PDF or PS). See also reaction 7 in ^{17}N.
See 17.16 (in PDF or PS) and 17.21 (in PDF or PS). See also (1982AJ01).
Angular distributions (reaction (a)) have been measured at E(^{18}O) = 20 and 24 MeV: see (1977AJ02). For Sfactor measurements see (1977AJ02). Cross sections for reaction (b) are several orders of magnitude less than those for reaction (a) for E(^{18}O)_{c.m.} = 3  7.7 MeV: see (1977AJ02).
See (1977AJ02).
Observed αgroups are displayed in 17.14 (in PDF or PS) of (1977AJ02). Angular distributions have been measured at many energies in the range E_{d} = 0.3 to 27.5 MeV [see (1977AJ02)] and at E_{d} = 2.75 MeV [see (1986AJ04)].
See (1977AJ02). See also (1988SH1E).
See (1984NE1A).
