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 WWW TUNL    20F (1987AJ02)

(See Energy Level Diagrams for 20F)

GENERAL: See (1983AJ01) and Table 20.2 [Table of Energy Levels] (in PDF or PS).

Model calculations:(1978WI1B, 1982HA43, 1983BR29, 1984FO16, 1984RA13, 1986CA27, 1986COZZ, 1986VO05, 1986WA1R, 1987HA08, 1987IA1B).

Complex reactions involving 20F:(1983BE02, 1983DE26, 1983WI1A, 1984GR08, 1984HO23, 1984KO25, 1985BE40, 1985HA1N, 1985PO11, 1986GA1I, 1986HA1B, 1986ME06, 1986PO06, 1987RI03, 1987RO10).

Hypernuclei:(1984AS1D).

Other topics:(1978WI1B, 1983AR1J, 1983BR29, 1985AN28, 1986AN07, 1986VO05, 1987HA08).

Ground state of 20F:(1978WI1B, 1983ANZQ, 1983AR1J, 1984KO25, 1986CA27).

μ = +2.094 (2) nm (1978LEZA)

Q = 0.070 (13) b (1978LEZA)

 1. 20F(β-)20Ne Qm = 7.0289

The half-life of 20F is 11.00 ± 0.02 sec: see (1978AJ03). 20F decays principally to 20Ne*(1.63): see 20Ne, reaction 33. See also (1984KO25, 1985HE08).

 2. 12C(9Be, p)20F Qm = 4.0760

For excitation curves involving 20F*(0, 1.82 + 1.84 + 1.97 + 2.04 + 2.19) see (1982HU06, 1983JA09). At E(9Be) = 12 to 27 MeV angular distributions are reported for p0 and p1+2+3+4: see (1983AJ01).

 3. 13C(7Li, 7Li)13C Eb = 18.0492

For fusion cross sections see (1982DE30). See also 13C in (1986AJ01) and (1983AJ01).

 4. 13C(9Be, d)20F Qm = 1.3542

See (1983AJ01).

 5. 13C(11B, α)20F Qm = 9.3854

The upper of the two states at 2.97 MeV has an excitation energy of 2968 ± 1.5 keV and γ branching ratios of (61 ± 4) and (39 ± 4)%, respectively, to 20F*(1.97, 0.82) [Jπ = (3-), 4+]: this is consistent with Jπ = (4-) for 20F*(2.968).

 6. 14N(7Li, p)20F Qm = 10.4985

Tables 20.5 (in PDF or PS) here and 20.5 (in PDF or PS) (1983AJ01) display 20F states reported in this reaction.

 7. 16O(7Li, 3He)20F Qm = -4.7442

For reported states see Table 20.6 (in PDF or PS) in (1983AJ01).

 8. (a) 18O(d, n)19F Qm = 5.7697 Eb = 12.3710 (b) 18O(d, p)19O Qm = 1.732 (c) 18O(d, d)18O (d) 18O(d, 3He)17N Qm = -10.449 (e) 18O(d, α)16N Qm = 4.247

See (1983AJ01) for a listing of the polarization measurements. For VAP measurements at Epol. d = 52 MeV (reaction (e)), see (1982MA25). See also 19O and 19F here, and 16N and 17N in (1986AJ04). See also (1986SE1B).

 9. 18O(3He, p)20F Qm = 6.8774

Proton groups have been observed to states of 20F with Ex < 4.1 MeV: see Table 20.8 (in PDF or PS) in (1978AJ03). Angular distributions, γ-ray polarization data and branching ratios lead to the Jπ values shown in that table. A state at Ex = 6519 ± 3 keV is also populated. It decays principally (> 90%) to 20F*(1.06) [Jπ = 1+]: the γ-rays are isotropic. 20F*(6.52) is the 0+; T = 2 analog of the ground state of 20O: see (1978AJ03).

 10. 18O(α, d)20F Qm = -11.4758

At Eα = 64.4 MeV angular distributions have been reported to 20F*(0, 0.66, 0.82, 1.06, 1.82, 2.20, 2.97, 4.24, 4.54, 5.07, 5.44, 5.80, 6.67, 7.29, 7.75, 8.34, 8.75, 9.00, 9.24, 9.78, 10.01, 10.51, 10.85, 11.56, 12.32, 12.72): L assignments are made [the groups above Ex ≈ 2.9 MeV are probably unresolved] (1986KA36).

 11. 19F(n, γ)20F Qm = 6.6013 Q0 = 6601.33 ± 0.14 keV (1983HU12) Q0 = 6601.344 ± 0.055 keV (1986KE15)

The thermal capture cross section is 9.8 ± 0.7 mb. A number of resonances have been observed: see Table 20.6 (in PDF or PS). The primary γ-rays resulting from capture at thermal energies (20F*(6.60); Jπ = 1+) and at En = 27, 44 and 49 keV (20F*(6.63, 6.643, 6.647); Jπ = 2-, (3, 4) and 1-) have been studied by several groups: see (1972AJ02) and Table 20.7 (in PDF or PS) here. It appears that the thermal capture [20F*(6.60)] is dominated by two intense transitions (E1) to 20F*(5.94, 6.02) [thus Jπ = 1-, 2-]. If the ground-state transition is mainly M1, these two E1 transitions are (in terms of W.u.) about 150 times stronger than the M1 transition (1968SP01). See also (1983HU12). It appears also that at 20F*(6.63, 6.64, 6.65) [Jπ = 2-, (3, 4) and 1-] the E1 transitions to the ground state are very weak, even though other E1 transitions in the decay of these three states have approximately normal strengths. The strongest transitions from the 27 keV resonance appear to be M1. On the basis of Jπ of the final states involved in the decay of the 44 keV resonance J = 3 or 4, assuming dipole transitions. Branching ratios for other 20F states involved in this reaction are shown in Table 20.3 (in PDF or PS).

Table 20.8 (in PDF or PS) displays excitation energies for 20F states involved in cascade and in primary γ-transitions (1983HU12). For the earlier references see (1978AJ03). See also (1984VO1H) and (1986KR16; theor.).

 12. (a) 19F(n, n)19F Eb = 6.6013 (b) 19F(n, n')19F* (c) 19F(n, 2n)18F Qm = -10.4320

The scattering amplitude (bound) a = 5.654 ± 0.010 fm, σfree = 3.641 ± 0.010 b (1979KO26). The difference in the bound-state scattering lengths, b+ - b- = -0.019 ± 0.002 (1979GL12). The total cross section has been measured for En = 0.5 to 29.1 MeV: see (1978AJ03). Observed resonances are displayed in Table 20.9 (in PDF or PS).

Observed resonances in the excitation functions involving 19F*(0.11, 1.5(u)) are displayed in Table 20.10 (in PDF or PS). For reaction (c) see (1983CSZX). See also (1986BAYL) and (1986SA40; theor.).

 13. 19F(n, α)16N Qm = -1.523 Eb = 6.6013

Reported resonances are shown in Table 20.11 (in PDF or PS).

 14. 19F(d, p)20F Qm = 4.3767

States of 20F observed in this reaction are displayed in Table 20.12 (in PDF or PS). See (1978AJ03) for a discussion of the earlier work. See also (1983JI04).

 15. 20O(β-)20F Qm = 3.8136

The decay is to 20F*(1.06, 3.49), Jπ = 1+: see 20O. The Ex of 20F*(1.06) is 1056.848 ± 0.004 keV. The β branch to 20F*(3.17) (1+) is < 0.012%, log f0t > 5.1 (1987AL06). [See also for general discussion of the low-lying states of 20F].

 16. 20Ne(π-, γ)20F Qm = 132.505

The branching ratio to 20F*(1.06) [Jπ = 1+] is compared to the analogous M1 decay width 20Ne*(11.24) [Jπ = 1+] → 20Neg.s.. The M1 amplitude contains (47 ± 16)% spin-flip, in agreement with shell-model calculations. The population of 20F*(0, 1.31, 1.84) [Jπ = 2+, 2-, 2-] is also reported (1981MA04). See also (1986BA16) and (1983KN05; theor.).

 17. 21Ne(d, 3He)20F Qm = -7.514

The 20F states observed at Ed = 26 MeV in this reaction and analog [T = 1] states observed in 20Ne in the (d, t) reaction are displayed in Table 20.16 (in PDF or PS) of (1978AJ03). The spectroscopic factors of analog states are consistent to within 20% for states excited by a single l-transfer.

 18. 22Ne(p, 3He)20F Qm = -15.6516

At Ep = 43.7 to 45.0 MeV analog states have been studied in 20F and 20Ne [the latter via 22Ne(p, t)20Ne]. Angular distributions for the 3He ions and the tritons corresponding to the first T = 2 states (Jπ = 0+) [20Ne*(16.722 ± 0.025) and 20F*(6.513 ± 0.033)] have been compared. There is indication also for the excitation of the 2+; T = 2 states [at Ex = 8.05 MeV in 20F and at 18.5 MeV in 20Ne (estimated ± 0.1 MeV)]: see (1978AJ03).

 19. 22Ne(d, α)20F Qm = 2.702

Angular distributions have been obtained at Ed = 10 MeV to 20F states with Ex < 4.4 MeV: they are generally featureless. Observed states are displayed in Table 20.17 (in PDF or PS) of (1978AJ03).

 20. 27Al(20Ne, 27Si)29F Qm = -11.840

The Δ resonance is very strongly excited in the reaction at E(20Ne) = 950 MeV/A (1986BA16).

For lifetime measurements of some 20F states see Table 20.4 (in PDF or PS).  